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Prepositions are essential to learning to communicate in Italian because we use these words in everyday conversation.
Sometimes we can’t use simple prepositions but we need PREPOSITIONS combined with articles: PREPOSIZIONI ARTICOLATE.
The preposizioni articolate are used instead of the preposizioni semplici when the preposition is followed by a definite article.
WHEN TO USE THIS PREPOSITIONS?
To use articulate prepositions correctly you need to know:
–> which simple preposition we can use
–> if the name needs or not an article
Il libro di Carlo -> the book of Carlo
Here we use a simple preposition because “Carlo” it’s a person name.
Il libro dell’insegnante -> the book of the teacher
Here we use a simple preposition (di) with an article (l’)because “insegnante” is a common name.
♦ all’insegnante (a+ l’)
generally with common names
♦ agli studenti (a + gli)
generally with plural names
♦ alla scuola (a + la)
specifying which particular school so to give specific information
♦ alle 9 (a + le)
with numbers: hours, years, percentage
♦ a mio fratello
with possessive adjectives + name of relatives in the singular)
♦ a Maria
with the first name
♦ a Roma
with city names