Connector Words and Expressions

The “connector words and expressions” sampled in this chapter are used in both the spoken and the written language and have a cohesive function, allowing the logical flow of sentences.

 

Adding allo stesso modo, inoltre, per di più similarly, also, besides
fra l’altro among other things, furthermore
Adding correlation non solo . . . ma anche . . . not only . . . but also . . .
Admitting  anche se, sebbene even though
nonostante, malgrado in spite of
Confirming or reinforcing    appunto, per l’appunto precisely
e infatti, in effetti indeed
ovviamente, certo che of course
anzi even more
Contrasting       in effetti, in realtà in fact
mentre while
ma, però but, however
tuttavia however
comunque, in ogni modo,
in ogni caso
anyway, at any rate
ciò nonostante nevertheless
d’altra parte, d’altro lato on the other hand
Contrasting correlation da una parte . . . dall’altra . . . ; da un lato . . . dall’altro . . . on the one hand . . . on the
other . . .
Correcting   al contrario on the contrary
anzi in fact, to be precise
invece instead
Explaining   il che vuol dire che . . . which means that . . .
cioè that is
voglio dire I mean (spoken language)
 Expressing purpose  in modo/maniera tale che, così che,  so that
 Introducing cause  poiché, dal momento che, dato che  since – before stating the
effect
 perché because – after stating the effect
 Introducing effect    e così e allora  and so
 per cui  (and) for this reason
 di conseguenza   consequently, as a consequence
dunque, perciò, quindi, pertanto therefore
Listing prima di tutto . . . poi . . . infine . . . first (of all) . . . then . . .
finally . . .
in primo luogo . . . in secondo luogo . . . in terzo luogo . . . firstly . . . secondly . . .
thirdly . . . (etc.)
primo . . . secondo . . . terzo . . . first . . . second . . . third . . .
Stating alternatives (o) . . . o/oppure . . . (either) . . . or . . .
. . . altrimenti . . . otherwise/or else . . .
Summing up insomma, a/per farla breve to sum it all up, in short
tutto sommato all things considered
in fondo, dopotutto after all

 

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