How to choose from A or IN preposition

How to choose from A or IN preposition

A preposition is one word which is usually followed by a noun or a pronoun.

Each preposition can play different functions. Different prepositions have similar uses.

Prepositions show how people and things relate to the rest of the sentence,

But how to choose from IN or A preposition?

We use IN

We use A

– With continents, countries, regions

– With addresses

– With islands


In Europa

In Italia

In Toscana

In Sicilia


– With cities and towns



A Roma

A New York

A Sanremo





There are many cases where it is not possible to give a precise rule


Here are some tips to help you memorise the use of these propositions.


Means of transport:

With names ending in -IA

in macchina

in treno

in aereo

in metro

in autobus

in tram

in taxi

in bicicletta

in pizzeria

in moto

in nave

in barca

in farmacia

in panetteria

in trattoria












It may help to know that most of the names using preposition IN are female, most of the names using the A are male.



With female names

in casa

in banca

in piazza

in strada

in vacanza

in montagna

in campagna

in collina

in stazione

in discoteca

in biblioteca


Some male names

in ufficio

in centro

in ospedale

in giardino

With male names

al ristorante

al cinema (irregular masculine)

al mercato

al bar

a teatro

al mare

al fiume

al lago



Some female names

a casa

a scuola







Very often preposition of the question is the same in the answer

Q: A che ora arriva Paolo?

A: A mezzogiorno


Q: In che stanza mettiamo il mobile?

A: In soggiorno





Choose the Right Preposition (in or a)

1. _____ bar


2. _____ scuola


3. _____ banca


4. _____ montagna


5. ____ Londra


6. ____palestra


7. ___ centro


8. ____ aereo


9. ____ treno


10. ___ piedi



Welcome to your La classe di italiano: completa le frasi

Ann Smith è Londra e 36 , John Brown è Manchester e 42 .

Let’s learn more about prepositions:

How to choose from DI or DA preposition

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