How to Combine Simple Prepositions with Articles

The more you practice Italian, the closer you will to mastering the Italian language! Prepositions are essential to learning to communicate in Italian because we use these words in everyday conversation. In this post, you’ll learn about how to Combine Simple Prepositions with Articles.


Sometimes we can’t use simple prepositions but we need PREPOSITIONS combined with articles: PREPOSIZIONI ARTICOLATE.

❓ – Why do you need these propositions?

Because in Italian you need the preposizioni articolate instead of the preposizioni semplici when the preposition is followed by a definite article (il lo la i gli le).


PREPOSIZIONE DI

SINGULAR

DI + IL ➠ DEL

DI becomes DE, you add the L of the article IL

DI + LO ➠ DELLO

DI becomes DE, you add the L of the article LO and also double the L)

DI + L’ ➠ DELL’

DI becomes DE, you add the L of the article L’ and also double the L)

DI + LA ➠ DELLA

DI becomes DE, you add the L of the article LA and also double the L)

PLURAL

DI + I ➠ DEI

DI becomes DE, you add the I of the article I

DI + GLI ➠ DEGLI

DI becomes DE, you add the GLI of the article GLI)

DI + LE ➠ DELLE

DI becomes DE, you add the L of the article LE and also double the L)


PREPOSIZIONE DA

SINGULAR

DA + IL ➠ DAL

You add the L of the article IL

DA + LO ➠ DALLO

You add the LO of the article LO and also double the L)

DA + L’ ➠ DALL’

You add the L’ of the article L’ and also double the L)

DA + LA ➠ DALLA

You add the LA of the article LA and also double the L)

PLURAL

DA + I ➠ DAI

You add the I of the article I

DA + GLI ➠ DAGLI

You add the GLI of the article GLI)

DA + LE ➠ DELLE

You add the L of the article LE and also double the L)


PREPOSIZIONE A

SINGULAR

A + IL ➠ AL

You add the L of the article IL

A + LO ➠ ALLO

You add the LO of the article LO and also double the L)

A + L’ ➠ ALL’

You add the L’ of the article L’ and also double the L)

A + LA ➠ ALLA

You add the LA of the article LA and also double the L)

PLURAL

A + I ➠ AI

You add the I of the article I

A + GLI ➠ AGLI

You add the GLI of the article GLI)

A + LE ➠ ALLE

You add the L of the article LE and also double the L)


PREPOSIZIONE IN

SINGULAR

IN + IL ➠ NEL

IN becomes NE and you add the L of the article IL

IN + LO ➠ NELLO

IN becomes NE and you add the LO of the article LO and also double the L)

IN + L’ ➠ NELL’

IN becomes NE and you add the L’ of the article L’ and also double the L)

IN + LA ➠ NELLA

IN becomes NE and you add the LA of the article LA and also double the L)

PLURAL

IN + I ➠ NEI

IN becomes NE and you add the I of the article I

IN + GLI ➠ NEGLI

IN becomes NE and you add the GLI of the article GLI)

IN + LE ➠ NELLE

IN becomes NE and you add the L of the article LE and also double the L)


PREPOSIZIONE SU

SINGULAR

SU + IL ➠ SUL

You add the L of the article IL

SU + LO ➠ SULLO

You add the LO of the article LO and also double the L)

SU + L’ ➠ SULL’

You add the L’ of the article L’ and also double the L)

SU + LA ➠ SULLA

You add the LA of the article LA and also double the L)

PLURAL

SU + I ➠ SUI

You add the I of the article I

SU + GLI ➠ SUGLI

You add the GLI of the article GLI)

SU + LE ➠ SULLE

You add the L of the article LE and also double the L)


PREPOSIZIONI CON / TRA-FRA / PER

Prepositions CON / TRA-FRA / PER does not join the article.

Mainly in the past, Con gave the option of using the preposizione articolata (especially the forms col and coi). Still, now we usually prefer to use the preposition and the article separately.

Tra/fra  and PER do not form preposizioni articolate.

PREPOSIZIONE CON

CON Singular

  • Con il
  • Con lo
  • Con l’
  • Con la

CON Plural

  • Con i
  • Con gli
  • Con le

PREPOSIZIONE PER

PER Singular

  • Per il
  • Per lo
  • Per l’
  • Per la

PER Plural

  • Per i
  • Per gli
  • Per le

PREPOSIZIONE FRA

FRA Singular

  • Fra il
  • Fra lo
  • Fra l’
  • Fra la

FRA Plural

  • Fra i
  • Fra gli
  • Fra le

PREPOSIZIONE TRA

TRA Singular

  • Tra il
  • Tra lo
  • Tra l’
  • Tra la

TRA Plural

  • Tra i
  • Tra gli
  • Tra le

WHEN do you need these PREPOSITIONS?

To use Preposizioni Articolate correctly you need to know:

⚠️ which simple preposition is required
⚠️ if the name needs or not an article

Examples:

Il libro di Carlo  ⇒ (lit) the book of Carlo
Here we use a simple preposition because “Carlo” it’s a proper name.

⚠️ You don’t need the article before “Carlo

For this reason, we used the preposizione semplice in the example before:
di Carlo

Il libro dell’insegnante (lit.) the book of the teacher
Here we use a simple preposition (di) with an article (l’)because “insegnante” is a common name.

⚠️ You need the article before “insegnante” ➠ l’insegnante

For this reason, we used the preposizione articolata in the example before:
dell‘insegnante

📒 You may be interested in:
🔗 How to use Articles with Geographic Words in Italian
To learn when to use the article with some types of names

✎ More Examples:

With Articles:

  • all’insegnante (with common nouns)
  • agli studenti (with plural common nouns)
  • alla scuola Orazio (specifying which particular school so as to give specific information)
  • alle 9 (with numbers: hours, years, percentage)

Without Articles

  • a mio fratello (with possessive adjectives + noun of relatives  in the singular))
  • a Maria(with the first name)
  • a Roma (with city names)

💡 You may be interested in:

🔗 How to use Prepositions with Verbs and Adjectives


newsletter How to Combine Simple Prepositions with Articles


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