How to use GIA’ ANCORA APPENA




Adverbs of TIME:

 

» appena (just/as soon as)

» ancora (still/yet)

» già (already)

 

Generally, you place most adverbs close to the words they modify: exception to this rule is these adverbs.


APPENA

as soon as / just

is used to indicate that the action of the main clause happens immediately after something else.

–> AZIONE CONCLUSA POCO TEMPO PRIMA (ACTION ENDED LITTLE TIME BEFORE)

Il treno è appena partito (l’azione PARTIRE si è conclusa pcohi minuti prima – the action PARTIRE ended a few minutes before)

Ho appena mangiato

 

Appena is also used with a verb either with or without NON (the meaning is the same).

 

♦ Telefonami appena hai finito

Ring me as soon as you have finished.

 

♦ Appena mi ha visto è uscito

As soon as he saw me, he went out.

 

♦ (nonappena lo senti fammi sapere

As soon as you hear from him, let me know.

 

♦ Ho appena preso un caffè

I’ve just taken a coffee

 

Appena in COMPOUND VERBS

 

In compound tenses, this adverb can be put between the auxiliary verb and the past participle.

When it means  “as soon as” we use it before the passato prossimo.

 

the use of FUTURO ANTERIORE:

 

Ti telefonerò appena sarò arrivato a Tokyo

I’ll ring you as soon as I have arrived in Tokyo.

 


ANCORA

again / still / yet

–> AZIONE NON CONCLUSA (ACTION NOT ENDED)

Il direttore non è ancora arrivato (l’azione ARRIVARE non è conclusa – the action TO ARRIVE is non ended)

Non ho ancora mangiato.

 

  1. un’altra volta, nuovamente (again)
    • suonala ancora (play it again)
  2. esprime continuità nel tempo (still)
    • qui c’è ancora molto da fare, (there is still much to do)
  3. nelle frasi negative l’evento non è avvenuto, ma dovrebbe avvenire (yet)
    • non sono ancora arrivato (I have not arrived yet)

 

ANCORA in  FRASE POSITIVA – > Still

Non mi ha ancora chiamato

(She still hasn’t called me)

 

ANCORA in FRASE NEGATIVA ->  Yet

Non mi ha ancora chiamato

(She hasn’t called me yet)

 

Ancora in COMPOUND VERBS

 

In compound tenses, this adverb can be put between the auxiliary verb and the past participle.


GIA’

already / yet

 

–> AZIONE CONCLUSA (ACTION ENDED)

 

Nicola è già arrivato (l’azione di ARRIVARE è conclusa – the action TO ARRIVE is ended)

Ho già mangiato.

(I have already eaten)

 

Ho già letto quel libro

(I have already read that book)

 

GIA‘ in FRASE POSITIVA: already

Mi hanno già pagato

(They have already paid me)

 

GIA‘ in FRASE NEGATIVA/INTERROGATIVA: Yet

Sono già arrivati?

(have they gone yet?)

 

Già in COMPOUND VERBS

 

In compound tenses, this adverb can be put between the auxiliary verb and the past participle.




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