How to use Expressions of Places


A preposition of place is a preposition that is used to refer to a place where something or someone is located.

ADVERBS OF PLACE THAT ARE ALSO PREPOSITIONS

Many adverbs of place can also be used as prepositions.

An adverb of place always talks about the location where the action of the verb is being carried out. They can be directional, can refer to distances, can indicate an object’s position in relation to another object or indicate movement in a particular direction and end.

SU/SOPRA

Il gatto è sulla / sopra la sedia
The cat is on the chair


The preposition “su” + the definite article = Preposizione Articolata (preposition combined with the definite article)


SOTTO

Il gatto è sotto la sedia
The cat is under the chair



TRA/FRA

Il gatto è tra le sedie
The cat is between the chairs



DIETRO

Il gatto è dietro le sedie
The cat is behind the chair



DAVANTI

Il gatto è davani alla scatola
The cat is in front of the box

Davanti + preposition A



Il gatto è dentro la scatola
The cat is in the box.



ACCANTO

Il gatto è accanto alla scatola
The cat is next to the box

Accanto + preposition A



VICINO

Il gatto è vicino alla scatola
The cat is near the box

Vicino + preposition A


INTORNO

Le sedie sono intorno al tavolo
The chairs are around the table

Intorno + preposition A



A DESTRA

L’albero è a destra della casa.
The tree is to the right of the house

A destra + preposition DI


A SINISTRA

L’albero è a sinistra della casa.
The tree is to the left of the house

A sinistra + preposition DI



AL CENTRO

Il vaso è al centro del tavolo.
The vase is in the center of the table

Al centro + preposition DI



IN CIMA

L’albero è in cima alla montagna
The tree is on the top of the mountain

In cima + preposition A



IN ALTO / IN BASSO / AL CENTRO

I libri sono in alto.
The books are on the top

I libri sono al centro
The books are in the middle

I libri sono in basso
The books are at the bottom


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QUI e LI’ (HERE AND THERE)

QUI (Here) and LI’ (there) are common adverbs of place. They give a location relative to the speaker.

With verbs of movement, QUI (here) means “towards or with the speaker” and there (LI’)  means “away from, or not with the speaker”.





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