indefinite

How can you use Indefinite Adjectives and Indefinite Pronouns in Italian?

You need these words to:

  • indicate an element of uncertainty
  • describe the quantity of a noun
  • describe the quality of a noun

Some are just adjectives or pronouns others are both.

Why you need Indefinite adjectives or pronouns?

La mia penna – (my pen) -> in this phrase we use the possessive adjective to explain which pen we art talking about.

Qualsiasi/Qualunque penna – (some pen) -> in this phrase we use “qualsiasi/qualunque” – indefinite adjectives – because we are not referring to a specific pen.


Here is a list of the most common Indefinite adjectives and pronouns wit audio

These can be both adjectives and pronouns.

They need to agree with the noun so they can be

  • singular
  • plural
  • masculine
  • feminine.

ALCUNO

– In the singular use it in negative sentences: non c’è alcun problema

– In the plural, it indicates an indefinite number of people or things (but not in large number): ho invitato alcuni amici.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun.

As an adjective

It has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: alcuno/alcuna/alcuni/alcune and always comes before a noun.

The adjective (in the singular) alcuno – alcuna means nessunonessuna and you can use it in negative phrases.

Alcuno agree with the name such as indefinite articles uno un una un’ with the same rules.

Non c’è alcuna fretta (There is no rush)

Non c’è alcun pericolo (There is no danger)

The adjective alcunialcune means qualche (person – thing)

Alcune volte vado a dormire presto (Sometimes I go to sleep early)

In inverno alcuni animali vanno in letargo (In winter some animals hibernate)

As a pronoun

It is used mainly in the plural form:

Alcuni imparano le lingue facilmente (Some learn languages easily)

Alcune sono più interessanti di altre (Some are more interesting than others)


ALQUANTO

It indicates a quantity closer to “molto” than “poco”: ho avuto alquanta paura.

– Usually, it’s not used in colloquial language: you can use parecchio instead: ho avuto parecchia paura.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun.

As an adjective

It has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: alquanto/alquanta/alquanti/alquante

With the meaning of: a certain amount of, some

Ho bevuto alquanto (in this phrase can mean: enough, or a little too much)

As a pronoun

It can be used Referring to a noun expressed before especially in the plural

with the meaning of: un discreto numero (a fair number – quite a few)

Di spettatori ce n’erano alquanti (there were quite a few spectators)

Ne ho visti alquante (I’ve seen quite a few)


ALTRETTANTO

The meaning is:

  • la stessa quantità di qualcosa (same number of something): as much
  • nello stesso modo (same way): as

– it can be an adjective or a pronoun.

As an adjective

It has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: altrettanto / altrettanta / altrettante / altrettanti.

Oggi ho camminato per un’ora, domani camminerò altrettanto (Today I walked for an hour, tomorrow I will walk as much)

La pizza di oggi non era altrettanto buona (today’s pizza was not as good)

As a pronoun

It also has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: altrettanto / altrettanta / altrettante / altrettanti.

Ho passato sei anni in Francia e altrettanti in Germania

Buon appetito! Grazie, altrettanto (Enjoy your meal! Thanks likewise)


ALTRO

It has different meanings:

  • ulteriore (another/more)
  • differente persona/cosa (other)

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun.

As an adjective

It has masculine singular-plural: ALTRO ALTRI and feminine singular and plural ALTRA/ALTRE

Questa è un’altra cosa (that’s another thing)

Prendi altre caramelle (get more candy)

Devo comprare altro pane (I have to buy more bread)

Devi fare altri esercizi (you must other exercises)

As a pronoun

It has masculine singular ALTRO – masculine and feminine plural ALTRI / ALTRE:

Le posso servire altro? (Do you need anything else?)

Andiamo da una parte all’altra della città (We go from one part of the city to the other)

Altri capiranno quello che sto dicendo. (Others will understand what I am saying.)

Da un giorno all’altro (one of these days)


CIASCUNO

– Its meaning is like ogni persona/ognuno: ciascuno studente ha studiato.

– it can be an adjective or a pronoun.

As an adjective

It has masculine-feminine: ciascuno/ciascun/ciascuna and means “ogni persona” each – every person) but only singular.

We use this form like “ciascun” with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant (same rule of indefinite article “un”) or a vowel and ciascuno with nouns beginning with vowel and s+consonant.

Ciascun alunno deve avere i suoi libri. (Every pupil must have his own notebooks)

Ciascuno studente deve avere i suoi libri. (Every student must have his own notebooks)

Ciascuna maestra ha la propria classe (Each teacher has her own class)

As a pronoun

It has masculine-feminine: ciascuno/ciascuna and means “ognuno” everyone/everybody.

Ciascuno di voi deve studiare (Everyone must study)


CHIUNQUE

– It means “qualunque persona”, any person – anyone – anybody

It is an indefinite pronoun and it is invariable, you can use it only in the singular.

Chiunque può venire alla mia festa (Anyone can come to my party)

Chiunque può collegare il computer a Internet (Anyone can connect the computer to the Internet)

Questa porta non è sicura. Può entrare chiunque. (This door is not secure. Anyone can enter.)


MOLTO

– Indicate a large quantity, opposite of poco: molta gente- In the plural it indicates an indefinite number of people of things (but not in large number): ho invitato alcuni amici

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun.

As an adjective

It means a large quantity- a lot

It has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: molto/molte/molti/molte

Mario ha incontrato molte ragazze al parco

Molti non sono venuti alla festa

As a pronoun

it has the same meaning of the adjective but it can be used referred to a noun expressed before.


NESSUNO

– Has the masculine and feminine form but not a plural: nessun amico è venuto alla cena

– The meaning is “no one”

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine: nessuno/nessuna

NIENTE/NULLA

– It means “nessuna cosa”, nothing: Oggi non ho fatto niente.

– It is an indefinite pronoun and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.
– you can use it without the negative non when it is before the verb: niente è cambiato

– you can use it with the negative non when it is after the verb: non è cambiato niente

OGNI

– It means every or each people or things: ogni cosa al suo posto

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

OGNUNO

– The same meaning of “ogni – ogni persona/ogni cosa”: ognuno ha ricevuto lo stipendio.– It is an indefinite pronoun. It has a masculine and a feminine but it’s only singular: ognuno/ognuna

PARECCHIO

– Parecchio is commonly used as a synonymous of “molto”: oggi fa parecchio freddo

– Usually “molto” is a bit more than “parecchio”.- It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: parecchio/parecchia/parecchi/parecchie




POCO

– “poco” indicates a small amount of something: ho pochi soldi.– it can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective, it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: poco/poca/pochi/poche

QUALCHE

– It means “alcuni”, a certain number of people or things: ho qualche amico in questa città – hai qualche domanda da fare?

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

QUALCOSA

– It’s the contracted form of “qualche cosa” and indicates one or more things: devo comprare qualcosa?

– it is an indefinite pronoun and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

QUALCUNO

– Indicates an indefinite amount of things or people but in a small amount: ho invitato qualcuno a cena.
Sometimes refers to one person: Qualcuno ti ha inviato un pacco
– It is an indefinite pronoun and it has masculine and feminine but it doesn’t change in number: qualcuno/qualcuna

QUALSIASI

– The same meaning of qualunque, it means “whatever”: puoi venire a casa mia a qualsiasi ora.

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

QUALUNQUE

– The same meaning of qualsiasi, it means “whatever”: puoi venire a casa mia a qualunque ora.– It could be used with an article: una qualunque cosa va bene, or can follow a name: una persona qualunque.

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

TANTO

– The meaning is “a large amount” or “numerous”: ci sono tante automobili in autostrada.– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: tanto/tanta/tanti/tante.

TROPPO

– Indicates a surplus in amount or number: oggi fa troppo caldo.– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: troppo/troppa/troppi/troppe

TUTTO

– Indicates all the things or the people: ho letto tutto il libro.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: tutto/tutta/tutti/tutte

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UNO

– You need it to indicate an indeterminate or generic person (somebody/someone) Ho incontrato uno che ti conosce.
– It is an indefinite pronoun. It never changes in number but has a masculine and a feminine gender: uno/una

VARIO

– It means numerous-a large amount- and you need to use it before the name: una maglietta di vari colori.– it can be an adjective or a pronoun. You can use it in the plural masculine and feminine: vari/varie




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