indefinite adjectives and pronouns

How you can use Indefinite adjectives and pronouns in Italian

You need these word to indicate an element of uncertainty to describe the quantity or quality of a noun.

Some are just adjectives or pronouns others are both.

 

Why you need Indefinite adjectives or pronouns

La mia penna – (my pen) -> in this phrase we use the possessive adjective to explain which pen we art talking about.

Qualsiasi/Qualunque penna – (some pen) -> in this phrase we use “qualsiasi/qualunque” because we are not referring to a specific pen.


Here is a list of the most common adjectives/pronouns

(these can be both adjectives and pronouns) – they need to agree with the noun so they can be singular, plural masculine or feminine.




ALCUNO

– In the singular use it in negative sentences: non c’è alcun problema

– In the plural it indicates an indefinite number of people of things (but not in large number): ho invitato alcuni amici.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: alcuno/alcuna/alcuni/alcune

 

ALQUANTO

It indicates a quantity closer to “molto” than “poco”: ho avuto alquanta paura.

– Usually, it’s not used in colloquial language: you can use parecchio instead: ho avuto parecchia paura.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: alquanto/alquanta/alquanti/alquante

 

ALTRETTANTO

 

– The meaning is “same number of something”: oggi ho camminato per un’ora, domani camminerò altrettanto

 

– it can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: altrettanto/altrettanta/altrettante/altrettanti

 

ALTRO

You can use it in negative sentences in the singular form: non c’è alcun problema

– In the plural form, it indicates an indefinite number of people or things (but not in large number): ho invitato alcuni amici.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: altro/altra/altri/altre

 

CIASCUNO

– Its meaning is like ogni/ognuno: ciascuno studente ha studiato– We use this form like “ciascun” with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant (same rule of indefinite article “un”) and ciascuno with nouns beginning with vowel and s+consonant

 

– it can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine: ciascuno/ciascun/ciascuna

 

CHIUNQUE

– It means “qualunque persona”, any person: Chiunque può venire alla mia festa– It is an indefinite pronoun and it is invariable, you can use it only in the singular.




MOLTO

– Indicate a large quantity, opposite of poco: molta gente- In the plural it indicates an indefinite number of people of things (but not in large number): ho invitato alcuni amici

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: molto/molte/molti/molte

NESSUNO

– Has the masculine and feminine form but not a plural: nessun amico è venuto alla cena

 

– The meaning is “no one”

 

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine: nessuno/nessuna

NIENTE/NULLA

– It means “nessuna cosa”, nothing: Oggi non ho fatto niente.

– It is an indefinite pronoun and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.
– you can use it without the negative non when it is before the verb: niente è cambiato

– you can use it with the negative non when it is after the verb: non è cambiato niente

OGNI

– It means every or each people or things: ogni cosa al suo posto

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

 

OGNUNO

– The same meaning of “ogni – ogni persona/ogni cosa”: ognuno ha ricevuto lo stipendio.– It is an indefinite pronoun. It has a masculine and a feminine but it’s only singular: ognuno/ognuna

PARECCHIO

– Parecchio is commonly used as a synonymous of “molto”: oggi fa parecchio freddo

– Usually “molto” is a bit more than “parecchio”.- It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has masculine-feminine-singular-plural: parecchio/parecchia/parecchi/parecchie




POCO

– “poco” indicates a small amount of something: ho pochi soldi.– it can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective, it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: poco/poca/pochi/poche

QUALCHE

– It means “alcuni”, a certain number of people or things: ho qualche amico in questa città – hai qualche domanda da fare?

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

QUALCOSA

– It’s the contracted form of “qualche cosa” and indicates one or more things: devo comprare qualcosa?

– it is an indefinite pronoun and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

QUALCUNO

– Indicates an indefinite amount of things or people but in a small amount: ho invitato qualcuno a cena.
Sometimes refers to one person: Qualcuno ti ha inviato un pacco
– It is an indefinite pronoun and it has masculine and feminine but it doesn’t change in number: qualcuno/qualcuna

QUALSIASI

– The same meaning of qualunque, it means “whatever”: puoi venire a casa mia a qualsiasi ora.

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

QUALUNQUE

– The same meaning of qualsiasi, it means “whatever”: puoi venire a casa mia a qualunque ora.– It could be used with an article: una qualunque cosa va bene, or can follow a name: una persona qualunque.

– It is an indefinite adjective and it is invariable, it never changes in number and gender.

TANTO

– The meaning is “a large amount” or “numerous”: ci sono tante automobili in autostrada.– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: tanto/tanta/tanti/tante.

TROPPO

– Indicates a surplus in amount or number: oggi fa troppo caldo.– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: troppo/troppa/troppi/troppe

 

TUTTO

– Indicates all the things or the people: ho letto tutto il libro.

– It can be an adjective or a pronoun. As an adjective it has a masculine-feminine-singular-plural: tutto/tutta/tutti/tutte

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UNO

– You need it to indicate an indeterminate or generic person (somebody/someone) Ho incontrato uno che ti conosce.
– It is an indefinite pronoun. It never changes in number but has a masculine and a feminine gender: uno/una

 

VARIO

– It means numerous-a large amount- and you need to use it before the name: una maglietta di vari colori.– it can be an adjective or a pronoun. You can use it in the plural masculine and feminine: vari/varie




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