Italian Nouns Singular to Plural


If you would like to be fluent in the Italian language or at least give the impression that you can communicate like a native speaker, you must understand how to create Italian Nouns from Singular to Plural

Making mistakes with plural nouns is one of the classic signs that you don’t fully master the Italian language.

Watch these images and words. What do you notice?

LIBRO Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

LIBRO

LIBRI Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

LIBRI

CASA Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

CASA

CASE Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

CASE

PENNA Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

PENNA

PENNE Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

PENNE



YES!

Most nouns in Italian become plural by changing their endings: to express a change in number. You usually do it by changing the ending from one vowel to another:

💡 For regular masculine nouns that end in –o,- as in GATTO and LIBRO – the ending changes to –i  – as in GATTI and LIBRI –  in the plural.

💡 For regular feminine nouns that end in –a,as in CASA and PENNA – the ending changes to –e  – as in CASE and PENNE –  in the plural.

… but this is not the end of the story for plurals:


NAVE Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

NAVE

NAVI

NAVI

Some nouns end in –e. – as pesce and nave – : the plural forms of these nouns will end in –i (regardless of gender).

PESCE Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

PESCE

PESCI I

PESCI



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So the rules are:


There are many exceptions to these rules but the rules for the three main types of invariable nouns follow:

MASCULINE nouns

Singular: -o -e


libro

pesce

Plural: – i


libri

pesci

FEMININE nouns

Singular: -a -e


casa

nave

Plural: -e -i


case

navi


Learn the Exceptions to Plural Nouns in Italian to Speak More Confidently

Nouns ending in a different way for Italian Nouns Singular to Plural

1. Nouns that end in an accented final vowel, such as caffè and città, are invariable.
2. Nouns that end in a consonant, such as bar and film are invariable.
3. Nouns that are abbreviations, such as moto, bici, radio and cinema are invariable.

Masculine singular nouns with the feminine plural form

Some nouns are masculine in the singular and feminine in the plural

Masculine SINGULARFeminine PLURAL
DItoDita
GinocchioGinocchia
LabbroLabbra

Memorize those rules and practise applying them.

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