Italian Nouns with Irregular Singular and Plural

Learn the irregular singular and plural of the following IRREGULAR NOUNS in Italian and the appropriate definite articles.

When Masculine singular nouns end in -o their plural form end in  -i

When Feminine singular nouns end in -a and their plurals end in -e

masculine feminine Italian Nouns with Irregular Singular and Plural

IRREGULAR NOUNS

1. Some feminine nouns end in -o; their plural form ends in -o or -i

irregular feminine nouns Italian Nouns with Irregular Singular and Plural
 ARTICLE SINGULAR
-O
 ARTICLE PLURAL
-O / -I
LaManoLeMani
LaRadioLeRadio
LaMotoLeMoto

2. Some masculine singular nouns end in -a.
Their plural always end in -i


 ARTICLE SINGULAR
-O
ARTICLE PLURAL
-O / -E
ILProblemaIProblemi
ILSistemaISistemi
ILPoetaIPoeti
 ILProgramma IProgrammi

3. Nouns ending in -e can be both masculine and feminine; their plurals end in -i

MASCULINE:

 ARTICLE SINGULAR
– E
 ARTICLE PLURAL
-I
LoStudenteGLIStudenti
ILBicchiereIBicchieri
ILNomeINomi


4. Masculine Nouns ending in – ore one ale ile :

MASCULINE:

 ART. SINGULAR
– E
ART. PLURAL
-I
ILFioreIFiori
ILPalloneIPalloni
ILGiornaleIGiornali

FEMININE:

 ART. SINGULAR
– E
 ART. PLURAL
-I
LaChiaveLeChiavi
LaNaveLeNavi


5. Feminine Nouns ending in – one and – ice. The – e ending changes to – i in the plural

 ART. SINGULAR
– E
 ART. PLURAL
-I
LaStazioneLeStazioni
LaStagioneLeStagioni
L’AttriceLeAttrici
 La Pittrice Le Pittrici


6. Foreign Nouns

Foreign nouns are always singular

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
L’AutobusGLIAutobus
ILTaxiITaxi
ILFilmIFilm
 LoSportGLISport
 ILBarIBar


7. Masculine and Feminine nouns ending in – ista

ART. SINGULAR  ART. MASCULINE PLURAL ART.FEMININE PLURAL 
IlFarmacistaIFarmacistiLe Farmaciste
IlDentistaIDentistiLe Dentiste
IlTaxistaITaxistiLe Taxiste
 L’ArtistaGliArtistiLe Artiste


8. Feminine nouns ending in – tà and – tù

Feminine nouns ending in – and -tù don’t change in the plural.

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
LaCitLeCit
L’UniversiLeUniversi
LaVirLeVir


9. Feminine nouns ending in – cia and – gia

Feminine nouns ending in – cia form their plural with – ce when a consonant comes before and in –cie when a vowel comes before.

Feminine nouns ending in – gia form their plural with – ge when a consonant comes before and in –gie when a vowel comes before.

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
L’AranciaLeArance
LaCamiciaLeCamicie
LaSpiaggiaLeSpiagge
 LaCiliegiaLeCiliegie


10. MASCULINE NOUNS ENDING IN – CO AND – GO

Some masculine nouns ending in -co and -go change their ending in -chi and -ghi in the plural.

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
ILParcoIParchi
ILTedescoITedeschi
L’AlbergoGLIAlberghi
ILLagoILaghi

“Amico” and “greco” are exceptions

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
L’AmicoGLIAmici
ILGrecoIGreci


11. Feminine nouns ending in  – ca and – ga in the singular change their ending in – che and – ghe in the plural.

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
L’AmicaLeAmiche
LaPsicologaLePsicologhe


12. Masculine singular nouns with the feminine plural form

Some nouns are masculine in the singular and feminine in the plural.

 ART. SINGULAR  ART. PLURAL 
ILDitoLeDita
ILGinocchioLeGinocchia
ILLabbroLeLabbra




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2 Responses

  1. Tony

    Your rules say:
    “4. Nouns ending in … – one … are always masculine”
    “5. Nouns ending in – one … are feminine”

    This seems like a contradiction.

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