How to use Preposition A with Adjectives

Italian Adjectives are frequently followed by prepositions (words like DI, A, and CON). In this post, you’ll learn How to use Preposition A with Adjectives to improve your Italian and avoid mistakes.

Sad to say, there is no rule that says which preposition should be used with which adjective. When you learn a new adjective, you should also learn the preposition that goes with it and note the “collocation” or combination in your vocabulary notebook.

Here is included are lists of adjectives that take certain prepositions, as well as a few sample sentences for each category with audio to memorize easily.




STRUCTURE of an Italian Phrase: ADJECTIVE + preposition A + INFINITIVE

ADJECTIVE

+ preposition A

+ INFINITIVE verb/ PRONOUN/NAME

ADJECTIVES + PREPOSITION A

(most frequent adjectives)



abituato a

accustomed to doing sth

Ex.:

Sono abituato a dire quello che penso


adatto a

(also per)

useful for doing sth

Ex.:

Questo vestito è adatto a tutti


addetto a

responsible for doing sth

Ex.:

l’operaio addetto alle pulizie


attento a

(also nel)

careful to do sth

Ex.:

stai attento a non finire in una buca


bravo a

(also nel)

good at doing sth

Ex.:

Mio nipote è bravo a giocare a calcio


costretto a

obliged to do sth

Ex.:

Sono stato costretto a pagare il conto


deciso a

(also nel)

determined on doing sth

Ex.:

È deciso a dimostrare il suo valore.


destinato a

destined to do sth

Ex.:

Ero determinato a mantenere la promessa.


disponibile a

available to do sth

Ex.:

Sono disponibile a discutere i tuoi problemi


disposto a

prepared to do sth

Ex.:

Sono disposto a dividere con voi.


efficace a

(also nel, per)

effective at doing sth

Ex.:

Un impegno serio riguardo ai problemi sarà efficace a lungo termine.


idoneo a

suitable for doing sth

Ex.:

Non è idoneo a lavorare con i bambini.


incline a

inclined to do sth

Ex.:

Sono incline a credergli.


intento a

intent on doing sth

Ex.:

Io ero in cucina, intento a cucinare.


interessato a

interested in doing sth

Ex.:

Era molto interessato a queste foto.


necessario a

(also per)

necessary for doing sth

Ex.:

Potrebbe rivelarsi  necessario a  salvarti la vita.


occupato a

(also per)

busy doing sth

Ex.:

Era troppo occupato a pensare alla prossima gara.


preparato a

(also per)

prepared for doing sth

Ex.:

Non ero preparato a tante domande.


pronto a

(also da, per) 

ready to do sth

Ex.:

Sono pronto a conquistare il mondo.


prossimo a

close to doing sth

Ex.:

Il prossimo a unirsi al gruppo è il primo ministro







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